Environmental pollution essay in english

Thus, avoid making unnecessary noise near hospitals and residential areas. Water pollution is defined as the deliberate act of introducing harmful materials into the water like urban sewage, industrial waste waters, oil spills etc. Another indirect source of water pollution is soil pollution. When we pollute the soil with fertilizers and pesticides, these accumulate in rain water and flow to the rivers and seas. Which then makes the water polluted. The water pollution is caused when the impurities are added to the water bodies such as rivers, oceans, lakes, groundwater, etc.

It causes environmental degradation. Water pollution is generally due to the discharge of the contaminated stuff without treatment into water bodies that releases harmful components in the water. It damages the biological life in the water at large. Moreover, the humans and animals, both are affected due to non-availability of fresh water. The major causes of the pollution include pathogens, chemicals and toxins released from the factories and otherwise. Huge industrialization and urbanization have led to widespread water pollution. In order to get rid of water pollution, it is imperative to evade the contamination of water bodies.

Majorly, it is the industries from where the contaminated substances emerge out and get into the water bodies. It is essential that proper treatment with the waste is performed before getting them added to the water. Also, we should ourselves take steps not to implement any of the unnecessary activities in the water bodies such as throwing garbage or disposing of wrong content. Moreover, do not waste water. More the water you consume more will get collected with the dirty water in the environment.

It is very important to preserve our mother earth by not causing any sort of pollution. We must ensure all the preventive measures are taken by us as well as by the people in our surroundings. It is thus vital to create awareness spreading pollution information and get rid of the same.

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Soil pollution is the act of polluting the soil by adding various harmful waste materials into the soil without proper treatment of them. The major soil pollutants include solid, non-biodegradable household wastes, industrial byproducts, deforestation and use of chemicals like pesticides and fertilizers.

Soil pollution can be drastically reduced proper awareness and doing little acts like processing the waste materials before emitting them to the environment. We can also get rid of soil pollution by planting more trees, reducing the amount of trees and forests we cut or by planting more forests than the ones we cut for our needs. We can also reduce soil pollution by using bio-degradable products, reducing the amount of chemical fertilizers and using organic manures and fertilizers for our farms and agricultural works.

With the rise of technology we are seeing a huge rise of pollution. Sometimes we are the main cause but it is never too late to prevent something. I hope you liked our essay on environmental pollution and would love to know your thoughts on it. Comment below your favorite tips from our pollution essay and share it across with your friends using the social share buttons on the side or below this section. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.

Learn how your comment data is processed. Table of Contents Share this post: What is Pollution? How to control and reduce air pollution? How to Reduce Water Pollution? How to reduce soil pollution? Conclusion: Pollution Essay- What is it and how to control it Share this post:. Why even news, do we not feel and experience pollution in real life?

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Pollution Essay: Essay on Environmental Pollution For Students

The emergence of great factories and consumption of immense quantities of coal gave rise to unprecedented air pollution and the large volume of industrial chemical discharges added to the growing load of untreated human waste. Chicago and Cincinnati were the first two American cities to enact laws ensuring cleaner air in Pollution became a major issue in the United States in the early twentieth century, as progressive reformers took issue with air pollution caused by coal burning, water pollution caused by bad sanitation, and street pollution caused by the 3 million horses who worked in American cities in , generating large quantities of urine and manure.

As historian Martin Melosi notes, The generation that first saw automobiles replacing the horses saw cars as "miracles of cleanliness. Other cities followed around the country until early in the 20th century, when the short lived Office of Air Pollution was created under the Department of the Interior. Extreme smog events were experienced by the cities of Los Angeles and Donora, Pennsylvania in the late s, serving as another public reminder.

Air pollution would continue to be a problem in England, especially later during the industrial revolution, and extending into the recent past with the Great Smog of Awareness of atmospheric pollution spread widely after World War II, with fears triggered by reports of radioactive fallout from atomic warfare and testing. Severe incidents of pollution helped increase consciousness. The development of nuclear science introduced radioactive contamination , which can remain lethally radioactive for hundreds of thousands of years.

Chelyabinsk , Russia, is considered the "Most polluted place on the planet". Nuclear weapons continued to be tested in the Cold War , especially in the earlier stages of their development.

Environmental Pollution Essay

The toll on the worst-affected populations and the growth since then in understanding about the critical threat to human health posed by radioactivity has also been a prohibitive complication associated with nuclear power. Though extreme care is practiced in that industry, the potential for disaster suggested by incidents such as those at Three Mile Island , Chernobyl , and Fukushima pose a lingering specter of public mistrust. Worldwide publicity has been intense on those disasters. International catastrophes such as the wreck of the Amoco Cadiz oil tanker off the coast of Brittany in and the Bhopal disaster in have demonstrated the universality of such events and the scale on which efforts to address them needed to engage.

The borderless nature of atmosphere and oceans inevitably resulted in the implication of pollution on a planetary level with the issue of global warming. Though their effects remain somewhat less well understood owing to a lack of experimental data, they have been detected in various ecological habitats far removed from industrial activity such as the Arctic, demonstrating diffusion and bioaccumulation after only a relatively brief period of widespread use. A much more recently discovered problem is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch , a huge concentration of plastics, chemical sludge and other debris which has been collected into a large area of the Pacific Ocean by the North Pacific Gyre.

This is a less well known pollution problem than the others described above, but nonetheless has multiple and serious consequences such as increasing wildlife mortality, the spread of invasive species and human ingestion of toxic chemicals. Organizations such as 5 Gyres have researched the pollution and, along with artists like Marina DeBris , are working toward publicizing the issue.

Environmental Pollution Essays - Words | Bartleby

Pollution introduced by light at night is becoming a global problem, more severe in urban centres, but nonetheless contaminating also large territories, far away from towns. Growing evidence of local and global pollution and an increasingly informed public over time have given rise to environmentalism and the environmental movement , which generally seek to limit human impact on the environment.

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The major forms of pollution are listed below along with the particular contaminant relevant to each of them:. A pollutant is a waste material that pollutes air, water, or soil. Three factors determine the severity of a pollutant: its chemical nature, the concentration and the persistence. Pollution has a cost. A manufacturing activity that causes air pollution is an example of a negative externality in production.

Because responsibility or consequence for self-directed action lies partly outside the self, an element of externalization is involved. If there are external benefits, such as in public safety , less of the good may be produced than would be the case if the producer were to receive payment for the external benefits to others.

However, goods and services that involve negative externalities in production, such as those that produce pollution, tend to be over-produced and underpriced since the externality is not being priced into the market. Pollution can also create costs for the firms producing the pollution. Sometimes firms choose, or are forced by regulation, to reduce the amount of pollution that they are producing.

The associated costs of doing this are called abatement costs, or marginal abatement costs if measured by each additional unit. Society derives some indirect utility from pollution, otherwise there would be no incentive to pollute. This utility comes from the consumption of goods and services that create pollution. Therefore, it is important that policymakers attempt to balance these indirect benefits with the costs of pollution in order to achieve an efficient outcome. It is possible to use environmental economics to determine which level of pollution is deemed the social optimum.

At this point the damage of one extra unit of pollution to society, the marginal cost of pollution, is exactly equal to the marginal benefit of consuming one more unit of the good or service. In markets with pollution, or other negative externalities in production, the free market equilibrium will not account for the costs of pollution on society.

Environmental Pollution - Environment and Ecology for UPSC IAS Part 2

If the social costs of pollution are higher than the private costs incurred by the firm, then the true supply curve will be higher. The point at which the social marginal cost and market demand intersect gives the socially optimal level of pollution.


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At this point, the quantity will be lower and the price will be higher in comparison to the free market equilibrium. This model can be used as a basis to evaluate different methods of internalizing the externality. Some examples include tariffs , a carbon tax and cap and trade systems. Air pollution comes from both natural and human-made anthropogenic sources. However, globally human-made pollutants from combustion, construction, mining, agriculture and warfare are increasingly significant in the air pollution equation.

Motor vehicle emissions are one of the leading causes of air pollution. Principal stationary pollution sources include chemical plants , coal-fired power plants , oil refineries , [38] petrochemical plants, nuclear waste disposal activity, incinerators, large livestock farms dairy cows, pigs, poultry, etc. Agricultural air pollution comes from contemporary practices which include clear felling and burning of natural vegetation as well as spraying of pesticides and herbicides [39].

About million metric tons of hazardous wastes are generated each year. In February , a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC , representing the work of 2, scientists, economists, and policymakers from more than countries, said that humans have been the primary cause of global warming since Humans have ways to cut greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the consequences of global warming, a major climate report concluded.

But to change the climate, the transition from fossil fuels like coal and oil needs to occur within decades, according to the final report this year from the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC.